HOW MANY DIFFERENTWINE SOILS ARE THERE? A LOT!Differences between wine soils make wine interesting. Merlot from a clay soil tastes stronger than Merlot from a sandy soil, which comes across lighter.Important for a wine-growing soil are:STRUCTURECOMPOSITIONfixed or loose?many or few nutrients?WATERTEMPERATUREcan it retain and drain moisture?how does a soil deal with heat?Suitable vineyard soils are:Fairly good water permeability: a structure that is not too firm + ability to absorb and remove moisture. Fairly poor: not too many nutritients, because that produces a lot of leaf growth, but fewer ripe grapes. With less nutrition, leaf growth stops earlier and the grapes mature more fully.