HOW MANY DIFFERENT
WINE SOILS ARE THERE? 

A LOT!

Differences between wine soils make wine interesting. Merlot from a clay soil tastes stronger than Merlot from a sandy soil, which comes across lighter.


Important for a wine-growing soil are:


STRUCTURE

COMPOSITION

fixed or loose?

many or few nutrients?

WATER

TEMPERATURE

can it retain and drain moisture?

how does a soil deal with heat?

Suitable vineyard soils are:

  • Fairly good water permeability: a structure that is not too firm + ability to absorb and remove moisture. 

  • Fairly poor: not too many nutritients, because that produces a lot of leaf growth, but fewer ripe grapes. With less nutrition, leaf growth stops earlier and the grapes mature more fully.